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The Step By Step Process For Polishing Concrete

While the step-by-step process for polishing concrete varies from company to company, the overall process is the same.

Concrete that hasn’t been polished will often have a topical coating (Epoxy for instance) or adhesive (carpet adhesive, black mastic, etc.) present that will need to be removed using a mechanical floor prep machine using metal abrasives. If the aggregate in the concrete is to be exposed, the burnish will need to be removed as well. The polishing process includes five specific steps.

The Concrete Polishing Process process The Step By Step Process For Polishing Concrete process graph


Before the concrete polishing process begins, Harmon Concrete conducts a floor hardness test to determine which diamond tooling to start with. Once the proper tooling has been determined, we begin the concrete polishing process by equipping our grinder with the appropriate Diamonds.

If any concrete repair is needed, this is completed. Holes filled, tack strip holes filled, cracks are managed, etc.

Unless there is an epoxy or glue on the floor, the first step of the process involves grinding the concrete with one of the following grits: 16/20 ~ 30/40 ~ 60/80 or 120/140.

Depending on the hardness of the concrete, our diamonds may be Extra Soft (extremely hard concrete), Soft (hard concrete), Medium or Hard (for concrete that may be a little softer).

No matter which grit diamond we start with, we always end with our 120/140 metal diamonds.

After we complete the initial grinding process using our metal diamonds, we begin using our 50 grit resin pads and continue using the 100 and 200 grits.

Apply Stains and Densifier

If applying stains, we apply them after we complete the 200 resin step.

After removing a thin layer of concrete, the concrete itself will become soft. Applying a concrete densifier will help harden the concrete. After the stain has dried (If using concrete stain) we apply the concrete densifier, keeping the slab wet anywhere from 20-30 minutes. Sometimes a second coat of concrete densifier is used.

Honing The Concrete

After our concrete stain and densifier has completely dried, we continue the polishing process with our 400 grit pads. During this step of the polished concrete process, the concrete will begin to shine.

Polishing The Concrete

Once we complete the 400 grit process, we continue and finish the polishing process using the remainder of our resin grits 800, 1,500 and 3,000.

The final 2 steps are completely optional. Depending on the amount of gloss our customer wants, we may stop after 800, 1,500 or all the way to 3,000. If our customer decides to continue through the 3,000 grit resin, the concrete should have a mirror-like finish that resembles the look of glass.


We end the concrete polishing process with polishing pads. This will give the concrete its ultimate shine.

Summing It Up

  • Complete hardness test.
  • Repair any cracks and holes.
  • Grind the concrete using 16/20 ~ 30/40 ~ 60/80 or 120/140 grit diamonds.
  • Complete the grinding process using 50 ~ 100 and 200 grit resin pads.
  • Apply stains and densifiers.
  • Continue polishing with 400 ~ 800 ~ 1,500 and 3,000 grit resin pads.
  • Complete the concrete polishing process using polishing pads.

That’s the basic step-by-by-step process for polishing concrete. If those simple steps are followed, you should end up with the perfect polished concrete surface.

For more information on our polished concrete flooring services, please feel free to contact us at any time. For your added convenience, we have an online appointment scheduling system so you can have one of our owners call or come by on a day and time that works best for you.

If you would like to see how your floor would look with polished concrete, visualize your polished concrete with our polished concrete visualization tool.

Harmon Concrete proudly offers the following services: Polished Concrete, Stained polished concreteepoxy flooringconcrete countertops, coating removal and concrete leveling.

We serve the following cities in Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas, Springdale, Arkansas, Rogers, Arkansas, Bentonville, Arkansas, Bella Vista, Arkansas, Eureka Springs, Arkansas, Fort Smith Arkansas, Siloam Springs, Arkansas, (In Missouri) Neosho, Missouri, Joplin, Missouri, Springfield, Missouri, Branson, Missouri, Kansas City, Missouri, (In Oklahoma) Muldrow, Oklahoma, Tulsa, Oklahoma. As long as your concrete project is in Arkansas, Oklahoma or Missouri, we would be honored to work with you.

Serving The Central United States Since 1987

Harmon Concrete proudly services Tulsa, Oklahoma, Muskogee, Oklahoma, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, Fort Smith, Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas, Bentonville, Arkansas, Rogers, Arkansas, Siloam Springs, Arkansas, Eureka Springs, Arkansas, Little Rock, Arkansas, Harrison, Arkansas, Branson, Missouri, Springfield, Missouri, Joplin, Missouri, Neosho, Missouri, Kansas City, Missouri, Jefferson City, Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, Wichita, Kansas, Kansas City, Kansas, Dallas, Texas, Fort Worth, Texas, Houston, Texas and the entire Central United States of America.

If your city is not listed, please rest assured that Harmon Concrete services all of Oklahoma, Texas, Missouri, Kansas and Arkansas.